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Pneumonia is an infection where the tiny air sacs in your lungs (alveoli) become inflamed. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Viral Pneumonia: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and More, Aspiration Pneumonia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Everything You Should Know About Walking Pneumonia in Kids. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also recommends a pneumonia vaccine for infants, young children, and adults age 65 and older. Symptoms of bacterial pneumonia may include shortness of breath, greenish mucus, rapid breathing, chest pain with coughing or breathing, as well as lethargy. Patients with bacterial pneumonia can develop stomach upset symptoms due to this infection 2 4. In bacterial pneumonia, there will likely be a much more visible presence of fluid in the lungs than viral pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia may involve just one small section of your lung, or it may encompass your entire lung. But if they are not sure, you might have to get a chest X-ray. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Make an appointment with your doctor if you or someone you know has symptoms of pneumonia. Here's what you can do for coughing, fever, and more. Common symptoms of pneumonia include: a cough – which may be dry, or produce thick yellow, green, brown or blood-stained mucus (phlegm) difficulty breathing – your breathing may be rapid and shallow, and you may feel breathless, even when resting. They may display similar symptoms to the ones above. The symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are different for children of different age groups. Chest pain when you breathe or cough 2. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP): This is the most common type of bacterial pneumonia. People with pneumonia usually complain of coughing, mucus production, fever, shortness of breath, and/or chest pain. Pneumonia Types - What Is Bacterial Pneumonia? What are the signs and symptoms of bacterial versus viral pneumonia in adults? The most common symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are: a cough with thick yellow, green, or blood-tinged mucus; stabbing chest pain that worsens when coughing or breathing Signs of this potentially fatal complication. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Pneumonia is a common lung infection where the lungs’ air sacks become inflamed. Antibiotics are the treatment of choice for bacterial pneumonia, with ventilation (oxygen supplement) as supportive therapy. To diagnose bacterial pneumonia, your doctor will: Most cases can be treated at home, with medications, to prevent complications from a hospital setting. Viral pneumonia is usually caused by cold, flu and SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19); having pneumonia from a viral infection can actually lead to the development of bacterial pneumonia. These bacterial pneumonia symptoms typically arise suddenly and may be accompanied by sweating or headache. All rights reserved. Otherwise the bacteria may not all be killed and you could get sick all over again. Symptoms in children under 1 month of age include weakness or lethargy, poor feeding, fever, or grunting. Most types of pneumonia cause fever, cough with sputum (coughed-up mucus), shortness of breath and fatigue. rapid … Seek immediate medical attention if you are experiencing: Bacteria pneumonia is caused by bacteria that works its way into the lungs and then multiplies. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Symptoms of pneumonia can range from mild (cold- or flu-like symptoms) sometimes called “walking pneumonia” to severe. Other bacteria that can cause pneumonia include: People who have these conditions may be at an increased risk for pneumonia: People over the age of 65 and children 2 and younger are also at a higher risk for developing pneumonia. But if your body’s defenses (immune system) become weak for some reason, the bacteria can go down into your lungs. Bacterial pneumonia can affect a part of the lung or can affect the entire lung altogether. What increases your risk for bacterial pneumonia? Pneumonia can make it difficult for your body to get enough oxygen to your blood, which can cause cells to not work properly. In infants, difficulty breathing may show up as flaring nostrils or chest sinking when breathing. You can get CAP by breathing in respiratory droplets from coughs or sneezes, or by skin-to-skin contact. Bacterial pneumonia can be mild or serious. In older patients, fatigue or confusion can be the only or most noticeable symptom. Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP): HAP occurs within two to three days of exposure to germs in a medical setting, such as a hospital or doctor’s office. Use a humidifier or take a warm bath (more gunk-loosening). It’s very important that you finish all of these. A number of different kinds of bacteria can cause pneumonia. Drink plenty of fluids (they’ll loosen up the gunk in your lungs so you can cough it out). Someone with a weakened immune system may take longer before they feel normal again. Young children and the elderly are more likely to need to go to the hospital to receive intravenous antibiotics, medical care and respiratory therapy. If you have lung cancer, you may have an increased risk for pneumonia. The disease spreads easily through contact with respiratory fluids, and it causes regular…, Asthma and pneumonia share some important symptoms, such as shortness of breath and coughing. Home remedies can't treat pneumonia, but they can be used to effectively manage its symptoms. Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI. Confusion or changes in mental awareness (in adults age 65 and older) 3. How serious your case of pneumonia depends on the particular germ causing pneumonia, your overall health, and your age. The 12 Best Sunglasses for Women with Total UV Protection, most likely to affect healthy people with strong immune systems, more likely to affect someone with a lowered immune system, or someone who is recovering from a respiratory infection, may be more aggressive and difficult to treat, how quickly you are diagnosed and treated, working in an environment with a lot of pollution, living or working in a hospital setting or nursing facility, difficulty swallowing due to neurological conditions such as, weakened immune system due to illness or medications. Learn about the symptoms of viral pneumonia and how to treat this contagious condition. The antibiotic choice depends on the nature of the pneumonia, the microorganisms most commonly causing pneumonia in the geographical region, and the immune status and underlying health of the individual. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Bacterial pneumonia is more common in the adult population. Common symptoms are: High fever up to 105 F; … Mild signs and symptoms often are similar to those of a cold or flu, but they last longer.Signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include: 1. Learn more about…, Many people can fight flu symptoms with lots of rest and fluids, but certain high-risk groups may experience dangerous complications as a result of…. Signs and symptoms of bacterial pneumonia The symptoms of viral pneumonia usually develop over a period of several days. This bacterium may live in your upper respiratory tract. Your doctor might also suggest medication for pain and fever. Pneumonia is a common disease that can have more than 30 different causes and symptoms. Learn more. Bacterial pneumonia is also more likely to enter the blood stream and infect other parts of the body. ; Pneumonia may be caused by viral infections, bacterial infections, or fungi; less frequently by other causes. Bacteria cause most cases of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. The severity of your pneumonia depends on: The most common symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are: Older adults will share all the symptoms with younger adults, but are much more likely to experience confusion and dizziness. The severity of the infection depends on the bacterium, patient’s health, age and immunity. ; The most common bacterial type that causes pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. You can catch pneumonia when someone who is infected coughs or sneezes. The air sacs get filled with fluid or pus resulting in fever, chills, cough and breathing difficulty. CAP occurs when you get an infection after exposure to bacterial agents outside of a healthcare setting. Stay home until your fever goes down and you aren’t coughing anything out. Bacterial pneumonia is an infection of your lungs caused by certain bacteria. Early symptoms are similar to influenza symptoms: fever, a dry cough, headache, muscle pain, and weakness. [livestrong.com] Patient may experience body pains, headache and abdominal pain. This is also called a “nosocomial infection.” This type of pneumonia is often more resistant to antibiotics and more is difficult to treat than CAP. Haemophilus influenzae is the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. A healthy person may recover within one to three weeks. Pneumonia | Johns Hopkins Medicine. What is Pneumonia? Viral and bacterial pneumonia symptoms are quite similar If you have pneumonia—either bacterial or viral—you’ll typically have a cough that brings up sputum, fever, shortness of … Take a sample of mucus, or a sputum culture, to identify the bacterium causing the infection. They fill up with fluid, and that causes pneumonia. Affected patients can experience nausea or may begin to vomit, reports UMMC. Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms Has Symptoms These might include: Your doctor probably will prescribe antibiotics. Dry cough or coughing up mucus, which may be streaked with blood; Fever or chills; Shortness of breath, wheezing, or chest pain; Feeling tired easily; Fast heartbeat; Headache, muscle pain, or abdominal pain or discomfort; Trouble thinking clearly; How is bacterial pneumonia diagnosed? Do you have viral or bacterial pneumonia? Antibiotics are the main line of treatment. Common symptoms are: There are two kinds of shots for bacterial pneumonia: Talk to your doctor to find out if you or your child should get a shot. If you go to the hospital you might get: American Lung Association: “What Causes Pneumonia?” “Learn About Pneumonia.”, CDC: “Pneumonia Can Be Prevented -- Vaccines Can Help,” “Pneumococcal Vaccination.”, American Academy of Family Physicians: “Pneumonia Prevention,” “Pneumonia Treatment.”. Pneumonia is a lung disease characterized by inflammation of the airspaces in the lungs, most commonly due to an infection. The symptoms can come on fast and furious, or they can creep up on you over a few days. Last medically reviewed on March 17, 2017. The main symptoms of bacterial pneumonia include fever, cough and shortness of breath. There is a vaccination for this type. Besides getting shots, you can lower your risk of getting bacterial pneumonia by doing these things: Your doctor might be able to tell if you have bacterial pneumonia just by examining you and asking questions about your symptoms and general health. Symptoms of pneumonia include coughing (with green, yellow, or bloody mucus), fever, chills, shortness of breath, nausea, low energy, stabbing chest pains, shallow breaths, and a loss of appetite. The most common one is Streptococcus (pneumococcus), but other bacteria can cause it too. Here are 12 great options, from aviators to wraparound. You have a higher risk of getting bacteria pneumonia if you: People who have a weakened immune system also have an increased risk for bacterial pneumonia. Pneumonia for this group can be life-threatening. According to a 2017 review, typical symptoms of pneumonia include: a cough, which may be dry, or produce phlegm; breathing difficulties; fever; chest pain These test can find what type pneumonia you have and what medicines will be effective in treatment. The signs and symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe, depending on factors such as the type of germ causing the infection, and your age and overall health. It doesn’t usually cause harm or illness unless you have a weakened immune system. Symptoms typically include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever and difficulty breathing. It can occur on its own or develop after another illness, like a cold or the flu. That will allow them to hear sounds that show there’s fluid in your lungs. Most bacteria that cause pneumonia are pyogenic bacteria, which means that they form pus, a combination of debris from serum, dead bacteria, and … The two most common causes of pneumonia are bacteria and viruses. ‍ Pneumonia Symptoms. Other bacteria that can cause pneumonia include Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, and Chlamydia pneumoniae. People who are HIV positive, or who have leukemia, lymphoma, or severe kidney disease also stand a greater chance of developing the infection. Fatigue 5. Cough, which may produce phlegm 4. What are the signs and symptoms of bacterial pneumonia? Bacterial pneumonia can be effectively treated by antibiotics. Symptoms in older children are the same as adults. bacterial, or fungal infection of the lungs that causes the air sacs, or alveoli, of the lungs to fill up with fluid or pus. It can be caused by viruses, fungi, or bacteria. It can enter your lungs through inhalation or through your bloodstream. They may also exhibit blueish lips or nails, which indicates that they aren’t getting enough oxygen. This will likely be given intravenously, along with fluids to prevent dehydration. Pneumonia can be particularly dangerous for infants, children, and toddlers. Without treatment, pneumonia may develop into: Bacterial pneumonia itself is not contagious, but the infection that caused bacterial pneumonia is contagious. Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung primarily affecting the small air sacs known as alveoli. The infection is caused by bacteria or by a viral infection, which is a disease that is caused by different types of viruses. organ failure, due to bacterial infection. They mostly have cough and difficulty in … Make sure you keep your follow-up appointments so your doctor can check your lungs. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. Bacterial Pneumonia Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention. The flu is one of the most common causes of viral pneumonia in adults, though post-flu complications can also cause bacterial pneumonia. Symptoms. These sacs may also fill with fluid, pus, and cellular debris. Determine the morbidity risk level in time. In some cases, your child may not even act like they are sick. In viral pneumonia, a dry cough without sputum is more common. Bacterial vs. viral pneumonia: What’s the difference? Contact Us. The symptoms can come on fast and furious, or they can creep up on you over a few days. 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