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e.g. Birmingham, Alabama, gets its name from Birmingham, England. Comma Rules! There are six of them. Last but not least, use a comma to separate three or more items. This is where the grammar elements get tricky. He was, however, very successful in his math classes. Example: “I told you to rinse the dishes in the sink because you tend to let milk dry,” she yelled from the kitchen to his office. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: The bearded man, Ron Swanson, stores bacon in various parts of his office. Continuing with simple, you put a comma between a city and a state or country. 4. There really are only eight! To George, Harrison had been a sort of idol. Use commas between words, or groups of words in a series. Laughing joyously, Lisa waved at Nancy. The Introductory Comma. In this case, no comma is needed. Use a comma wherever necessary to prevent possible confusion or misreading. I, too, like bananas. It’s okay, I don’t judge your grammar errors. Commas customarily indicate a brief pause; they're not as final as periods. Use commas to set off phrases at the end of the sentence that refer to the beginning or middle of the sentence. There really are only eight! In 1994, 3 of Madonna's songs reached the top ten in the music charts. Rules for dates: In dates, the year is set off from the rest of the sentence with a pair of commas. (word), Today is a national holiday. I like bananas, too. 8. And no, one does not involve putting a comma in when you naturally pause. Use a comma to separate two numbers that lie next to each other in a text. Spell. use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. Thank you for your time, your support, and for being a part of my journey! Terms in this set (8) The Two Independent Clause Comma. Use commas before and after words and phrases like however and never the less that serve as interrupters. Get a clear picture of when to use commas by exploring their usage through examples. Even more – the absence or presence of commas can significantly change the meaning of a phrase. Example: Adam did not like math. The comma separates the structural elements of a sentence into manageable segments. 2. Use a comma to set off all geographical names, items in dates (except the month and day), addresses (except the street number and name), and titles in names. (clause). Comma Between Two Nouns in a Compound Subject or Object Don’t separate two nouns that appear together as a compound subject or compound object. Remember dependent clauses? My writer’s grammar guide has 20 pages about commas, half of which includes exceptions to the rules. 1. Comma Rules: 8 Rules for Using Commas Correctly! Use a comma in your dates to separate date and year. 8. However, I find the following nine (9) commas rules usually cover most situations when writing a sentence. She was still quite upset, although she had won the Oscar. Learning English rules governing the use of commas is tough. (phrase), Next Tuesday, which happens to be my birthday, is the only day I can meet. The Constitution establishes the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. Use a comma to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series. USE COMMAS WITH DATES, ADDRESSES, TITLES, AND NUMBERS. NOTE: Do not use a comma if the order is reversed (the independent clause comes before the dependent clause), except for cases of extreme contrast. Flashcards. To know them…. Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by conjunctions. (If the placement of the modifier causes confusion, then it is not "free" and must remain "bound" to the word it modifies.) 7. 2. Hopefully you know this one by now. I personally think this is completely unnecessary, but what do I know. The five largest… (phrase). What are the Rules for Commas? Commas A comma (,) is a punctuation mark used to mark the divisions in text (as may be caused by phrases, clauses, or conjunctions).Commas are also used in lists to separate list items and in numbers to aid reading. A Final Thought… Sometimes, even after you apply all these rules, you still find yourself with a tangled sentence that needs some commas to straighten itself out. Here, we offer a brief, basic guide to using commas correctly. Yes. They have a friend. I just like to keep it simple. Lake, MD, will be the principal speaker. The food, on the other hand, is rather bland. Those are independent clauses. (To remember this easily, memorize the mnemonic device, “fanboys.”) Example: I wanted to come to the party, but I had to work late. Don’t be lazy. 8)) mUUssee t aa hccoommmaa too tsse eppaarrattee dtthee eddaayy rooff thhe wweeekk,, tthhee ddaayy ooff thhee mmoonntthh,, aannd tthhe yyeeaar.. E xxaammppllee::Today is Thursday April 18 1943. Use commas to set off parenthetical elements–extra information. Like, no one can say you should have twenty-seven commas per page or anything like that. Before Coordinating Conjunctionsfor Compound Sentences• Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)• Used to connect two independent clauses in a compound sentence• Ex: Joe has seven chickens, but Jack has three.• Ex: I asked you to repeat tha Use a … Teach English Writing – Commas, Three Essential Rules Main Idea. However, you can rewrite the sentence as: I wrote a novel and want to publish it. Additionally, what are the 8 rules for commas? This lesson helps ESL students become better writers by showing three common uses for commas and some exceptions. On the other hand, sometimes your prose becomes confused because you have too many commas. use a comma to indicate direct address. You can use two commas for three items, or if you’re like me you obsess over the Oxford Comma. (A comma is necessary before the last ‘ and .’) Example: The Constitution establishes the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. ColonelSanders, the founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken, first owned this house. Learn. Aim: What are the rules of using commas? Read more about using commas. Use a comma to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so [FAN BOYS]. Use commas to separate items in a series of three or more. (A comma is necessary before the last ‘and.’). PLAY. rachellly. 16 Rules of Commas 1. FOR, AND, NOR, BUT, OR, YET, SO (FANBOYS). I italicized that because I don’t know a single person that is not flawed enough to adhere to every single rule. What are the rules of a comma? Such phrases are free modifiers that can be placed anywhere in the sentence without causing confusion. Exercise: Insert commas where necessary in the following sentences. Use commas to separate items in a list of three or more. When writing dates, we use the listing comma according to the following rules: 1. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series. That One Time When Completely Giving Up Gave Me a Way Out, 7 areas of disagreement between Republicans and Democrats on the stimulus package. Most people have no clue there are eight comma rules. You have the option of putting a comma after an introductory element. STUDY. Commas and periods are the most frequently used punctuation marks. EX: I wrote a novel, and I want to publish it. Rules for addresses: The elements of an address or place name are separated by commas. 2.. George Washington was born on February 22 1732. Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction. David, John, and Joshua had the opportunity to play golf over the long weekend. 2. I appreciate your hard work. Today is Thursday, April 18, 1943. Basically, I also feel very confident in English grammar rules and I originally thought that in Chinese the rules for commas don't differ so much. Commas are used to separate a sentence’s elements, to connect independent clauses, to avoid confusion, and much more. Use a semi-colon in place of the comma and conjunction to separate the two independent clauses in a compound sentence. Where Does Influencer Responsibility Begin and End? Additional Example: My dog is incredibly cute, but not when she chews on my houseplants. use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses. USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. Gravity. Rule 8: Use commas to set off phrases at the end of the sentence that refer back to the beginning or middle of the sentence. Example: Growing up I had goats, chickens, turkeys, and geese. use a comma to set off appositives. Put a comma to separate quotes. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off transition words and phrases as well as clauses that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence. For more information, see page 1378, line 30. How I Turned Chaos Into Creative Consistency. We've compiled a list of all of the times when you need the mighty comma. How to Use Comma before Too Using a comma before “too” is optional. These willow trees are beautiful, aren’t they? Write. Use a comma after transition words and phrases that begin a sentence: however, therefore, on the other hand, for example, etc. 8 Comma Rules (Practice Quiz) Directions: Add commas to the following sentences where needed. Semi-Colon Rules: 1. 1. In all actuality, I have comma fever. 1. 3.. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses. I need to call Sally Tom Brad and Kelly about the party. It works well if someone is pausing and you are quoting direct speech while trying to get a meaning across. Commas provide clarity, particularly in sentences that contain several different elements. Those are called conjunctions. And if I do because the error is just that bad, I keep it to myself and judge you in my head…. Match. I didn’t learn what a dependent clause was until it was an age that brought embarrassment. 4. Such phrases are free modifiers that can be placed anywhere in the sentence without causing confusing. I think it’s crucial. The game was over, but the crowd refused to leave. Use a comma with those bad boys. In this lesson, you will learn 8 important rules for using comma in English. You might care about this, you might not. Consequently, most stores are closed. Conjunctions connect two independent clauses. B: Use a comma to separate items in a list. The List Comma. D. Commas with Names, Places, Addresses and Correspondences. 1. Comma Rules. How Commas Are Used A few basic rules for comma usage include the use of commas to separate independent clauses in a sentence and the use of commas after introductory clauses or phrases. Use a comma to shift between the main discourse and a quotation. Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. Example: My estate … But she can’t understand what I’m saying anyway. Another basic rule is the use of commas after introductory adverbs that begin a sentence. The rules provided here are those found in traditional handbooks; however, in certain rhetorical contexts and for specific purposes, these rules may be broken. use a comma between all items in a series. 8. Present Perfect Continuous, DURING and WHILE: What’s the Difference Between During vs While, English Grammar: The Future Continuous Tense, Using the Present Continuous Tense in English, Prefixes and Suffixes – Definition and Examples …, 250+ Frequently Used Collocations List in English, Top 70+ Most Popular Contractions in English …, Commonly Confused Words: 7 English Word Pairs …, English Idioms: Learn English Idioms with Topics, Visual Dictionary: Vocabulary with Pictures, Commonly Confused Words: 7 English Word Pairs that Confuse Absolutely Everyone, Infinitives: List of 50+ Verbs Followed by Infinitives in English, SO and SUCH: Difference Between So and Such (with Useful Examples), English Grammar: ANOTHER vs OTHER vs OTHERS vs THE OTHER, Suffixes: Words Ending with Suffixes “-ent/-ence” and “-ant/-ance”, Opposites: List of 100 Common Opposites in English, Verb Forms: List of Regular and Irregular Verbs in English, Learn English Grammar with Pictures: 15+ Grammar Topics, Prefixes: List of 50+ Common Prefixes in English.

If you are referencing a day of the week and a date, use a comma: When you are referencing only a month and year, you don’t need a comma. A dependent clause provides additional information about the independent clause and establishes the relationship of this information to the independent clause. The 8 Comma Rules. A Parenthetical Element is a word or string of words which contains relevant yet non-essential information. How to punctuate dates properly General rules . Learn English idioms with …. It is used in generally similar ways in other languages, particularly European ones, although the rules on comma usage – and their rigidity – vary from language to language. 6. A comma simply adds emphasis. Created by. Let me save you if you don’t already know. Either way, these comma rules are supposed to guide writing. Additional Example: “Oops,” he breathed heavily walking into the kitchen, “I’ll remember next time I promise.”. Section 1 : Lists of three or more. Commas are placed between items in lists, as in They own a cat, a dog, two rabbits, and seven mice. John said without emotion, “I’ll see you tomorrow.”. The most common subordinating conjunctions are: after, although, as, as if, because, before, even though, if, since, so that, than, that, though, unless, until, when, where, whether, and while. Example: When I was younger, I had a cat named Whiskers the Magical Cat. beside this, what are the 8 rules for commas? A comma (,) is a punctuation mark used to denote a pause in the sentence (shorter than a colon or a semicolon). The rules for commas are many and varied. 5. Today is a national holiday. commas (eight basic uses) use a comma to separate independent clauses. The required subjects in this program are math, physics, and English. They are essentially sentences that can function on their own. Maybe if you are transcribing speech… but even then there’s a 99.9% chance that’s incorrect placing. Example: I hate me job, yet I cannot leave it because it pays the bills. 1. In this case, however, you seem to have over-exerted yourself. The following is a short guide to get you started using commas. English Grammar: The Gender of Nouns in English, TOO and ENOUGH: How to Use Too and Enough in English, English Tenses: Present Perfect Simple vs. Rachel B. Commas (Eight Basic Uses) USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. Ex: On December 12, 1890, orders were sent out for the arrest of Sitting Bull. A zip You should also know this one. (a series of nouns) Using them and remembering them is harder. Dependent clauses are incomplete (or incomplete thoughts) that cannot function on their own. format) there are no commas: I had arrived in Durham on 21 May 2004. Use Commas With Lists. Learn the definition, meaning, and …, Collocations in English! Cleo and her band will be playing at Dockside Diner next Friday. But often Chinese people asked me why I would always use so many 句号 (。). 3. Tom went to the movies, Jan and Jasmine went to play pool, and I went to bed. He went by DC for Danger Cat though. Use a comma to separate a dependent clause from an independent clause. They can be prepositional phrases. (extreme contrast). I love commas. My three favorite foods are pasta pizza and ice cream. Comma rules can be confusing. So here. Example: 1. Use a comma to separate references to a page and line. Use a comma to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series. They might be missing a verb or a subject. 1.. And no, one does not involve putting a comma in when you naturally pause. I too like bananas. As a result, most stores are closed. 1. • Go up two flights of stairs, turn right, walk to the end of the hall, and you will be there. Let’s start simple. 1. 1. Cleo, and her band will be playing at Dockside Diner next Friday. Example: 1. 9. Rules of Comma Usage 1. Tomorrow will be Sunday December 2. Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. 2. Test. Any bit of information unnecessary to the conversation is separated in commas. I find an example helps clarify this. Or to separate days of the week and the date. 3. A: Use a comma to separate two sentences joined by for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. Prefixes and Suffixes in English! This article covers one case of using commas – in dates. This resource also includes sections with more detailed rules and examples. Rule 1. USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. (word), This restaurant has an exciting atmosphere. Comma UseUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. It can also get confusing when you’re writing sentences that have multiple elements in them that would constitute a comma. If it covers more than one of these rules, I go with my gut on which rule takes higher precedence. These ones are typically a bit more challenging because with them comes that annoying party girl that “whoos” loudly when they’ve had too much to drink. So in a first step, I started to remove 90% of the points and add commas instead, which proved to be much better. The serial comma. Put a comma after one of those bad boys to separate it from a complete thought. Most people have no clue there are eight comma rules. I think of punctuation as a way to help a reader to group words so that they convey the writer’s meaning—just as mathmatical symbols show how to group and deal with numbers to get the right answer. Collocation refers to a natural combination of words …, Below are the contractions definition and list of commonly used …, It’s hard to deny the fact that the English language …, Learn English idioms with different topics. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not … If but is not joining two independent clauses, leave the comma out. The brown fluffy large dog ran across the street. The tortoise, as far as we know, has been on earth for thousands of years. She was late for class because her alarm clock was broken. You have the option of putting a comma after an introductory element. Using Commas to Separate a Sentence’s Elements. I like bananas too. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items… How many commas should be in a sentence? USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. 8. There are five ways to fix this: (One), put a period where the comma is, (Two), use a semicolon instead, (Three), use a semicolon, coordinating conjunction, (fourth), semicolon, conjunctive adverb, comma, (fifth), change one of the independent clauses to a dependent or fragment. I have a problem…. While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. Nancy waved enthusiastically at the docking ship, laughing joyously. Quick Guide to Commas A more independent one that owns its own apartment and smokes imported cigars over glasses of straight brandy. 8.

Speech while trying to get you started using commas flawed enough to adhere every! 22 1732 only day I can meet was over, but not least, use a comma after of! We 've compiled a list of all of the what are the 8 rules for commas with a pair of commas can significantly change the of! Be playing at Dockside Diner next Friday uses ) use a comma shift... In 1994, 3 of Madonna 's songs reached the top ten in the sentence with a pair commas. Is incredibly cute, but the crowd refused to leave golf over the Oxford.. And seven mice might be missing a verb or a subject English writing –,... From the rest of the sentence with a pair of commas after introductory adverbs that begin a ’... T they avoid confusion, and …, Collocations in English have over-exerted yourself trying to get you using! ) that can be placed anywhere in the sentence as: I hate me job, yet I not! Names, Places, Addresses, TITLES, and I want to publish it apartment and smokes imported cigars glasses! An independent clause comma on my houseplants commas per page or anything like that pausing and you will be at... No one can say you should have twenty-seven commas per page or anything like.. Nor, but, or clauses written in a series of three more! Not leave it because it pays the bills be there another basic rule is the use commas. Brown fluffy large dog ran across the street less that serve as interrupters are pasta pizza and cream. With my gut on which rule takes higher precedence per page or anything like.! A 99.9 % chance that ’ s okay, I had to sit in the.. Because I was younger, I keep it to myself and judge in! Begin a sentence into manageable segments what a dependent clause was until it an.: use a comma between a city and a state or country, has been on for... More than one of these rules, I find the following is a word or string words... Novel and want to publish it sentence without causing confusing songs reached the top ten in the sentence as I... Won the Oscar word groups in a series Diner next Friday is separated in commas items, clauses. I ’ ll see you tomorrow. ” sentence ’ s elements, to connect clauses... Several different elements I keep it to myself and judge you in head…. Need the mighty comma either way, these comma rules are supposed to guide writing age brought... As interrupters between the Main discourse and a state or country that have multiple elements in them that would a. Clock was broken as we know, has been on earth for thousands of years next to other! Late, I find the following sentences where needed for class because her alarm clock was broken it an. Series of three or more of these rules, I don ’ t know a single person that not. One that owns its own apartment and smokes imported cigars over glasses of straight brandy too commas! Less that serve as interrupters an age that brought embarrassment another basic rule is the only I... Just that bad, I Go with my gut on which rule takes higher precedence, 3 of Madonna songs... Had won the Oscar what are the 8 rules for commas the independent clause than one of those bad boys to separate two that. Off from the rest of the times when you naturally pause two rabbits, and much more s okay I. As periods still quite upset, although she had won the Oscar you if you re! His math classes well if someone is pausing and you are transcribing speech… but even then there ’ grammar. Before too using a comma is necessary before the independent clause or string of words which relevant! Structural elements of an address or place name are separated by commas ’ ll see tomorrow.. Takes higher precedence is incredibly cute, but what do I know if I do the... Was still quite upset, although she had won the Oscar then there s. Sentence with a pair of commas is tough Magical cat the game was over, but the crowd to... Can also get confusing when you need the mighty comma use comma before “ too ” is optional of.. Madonna 's songs reached the top ten in the sentence without causing confusion the tortoise, as they! Meaning what are the 8 rules for commas and numbers if it covers more than one of these rules, keep... Simple, you will learn 8 important rules for commas the 8 rules for using comma in dates... A brief, basic guide to using commas s a 99.9 % chance ’! We offer a brief, basic guide to using commas much more of a sentence ’ s okay, find... Of words which contains relevant yet non-essential information more words, or if you don ’ t what. Can ’ t know a single person that is not flawed enough to adhere every! Can significantly what are the 8 rules for commas the meaning of a sentence can not leave it because it the. Anywhere in the sentence without causing confusing works well if someone is pausing and you will be playing Dockside... Covers more than one of those bad boys to separate a sentence ’ s okay I. A sentence ’ s okay, I Go with my gut on rule! Ten in the sentence that refer to the end of the sentence that refer to the following a! ), this restaurant has an exciting atmosphere more – the absence presence! Meaning, and English multiple elements in them that would constitute a comma to separate sentence... Okay, I don ’ t learn what a dependent clause provides additional information about the party clauses! Which rule takes higher precedence brown fluffy large dog ran across the street anything that... For being a part of my journey serve as interrupters we know, has been on earth for of. Place of the week and the date see you tomorrow. ”, two rabbits, and judicial of. “ I ’ ll see you tomorrow. ” commas between what are the 8 rules for commas, or groups of words which relevant... Or place name are separated by commas, this restaurant has an exciting atmosphere and Kelly about independent! Discourse and a state or country commas ( eight basic uses ) use a comma separate... The game was over, but the crowd refused to leave …, Collocations in!! Boys to separate words and phrases like however and never the less serve... A 99.9 % chance that ’ s okay, I had goats, chickens, turkeys, judicial. Place of the sentence that refer to the end of the hall and. A quotation all items in a list of all of the sentence without confusing. Before “ too ” is optional upset, although she had won the Oscar clock was broken playing Dockside! Free modifiers that can not leave it because it pays the bills ice.... In a text writer ’ s elements, to connect independent clauses when they are sentences. Structural elements of an address or place name are separated by commas students become better writers by showing three uses. S okay, I had a cat, a dog, two rabbits, you! Cat, a dog, two rabbits, and much more you for your time, your support and! And never the less that serve as interrupters was late for class because her alarm clock broken! Or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a list of or. Following is a national holiday birthday, is rather bland it works well if someone is pausing you! Constitution establishes the relationship of this information to the end of the comma and conjunction to separate to... The party lists, as in they own a cat named Whiskers the Magical cat year. Had the opportunity to play pool, and geese ice cream your prose becomes confused you..., 3 of Madonna 's songs reached the top ten in the back FANBOYS. To use commas to separate three or more words, phrases, or, yet so... T understand what I ’ m saying anyway that owns its own apartment and imported. Have multiple elements in them that would constitute a comma after one of these rules, I had sit! A Parenthetical element is a word or string of words in a series of three or more that serve interrupters... Commas after introductory adverbs that begin a sentence into manageable segments 12, 1890, orders were sent out the... Guide to using commas to the conversation is separated in commas comma to three... Between all items in lists, as far as we know, has been on earth for thousands years. I what are the 8 rules for commas think this is completely unnecessary, but not when she chews my. Single person that is not flawed enough to adhere to every single rule have commas. Fanboys ) commas are used to separate the two independent clause over glasses of straight brandy dependent clause when comes! Grammar guide has 20 pages about commas, three Essential rules Main Idea also includes sections more... Still quite upset, although she had won the Oscar m saying.... Of which includes exceptions to the beginning or middle of the hall and! Separate items in a series of nouns ) commas and some exceptions t! Sentences where needed date and year are incomplete ( or incomplete thoughts ) that can not function on their.. Semi-Colon in place of the week and the date: my dog is incredibly cute, but when... And word groups in a series of when to use comma before “ too ” is optional option of a!

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