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Fun Fact 7: Boston Common Park was established in 1634, it was the nation's first public park, which means it the oldest city park in the U.S. Fun Fact 8: The official State Song of Massachusetts is "All Hail to Massachusetts" it was written by Arthur Marsh and was officially adopted as the state song on September 3, 1966 24. The inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, called his assistant Thomas … Not only has Massachusetts played an important part in U.S. history, but it’s also played an important part in the history of sports! Massachusetts, Kentucky, Virginia, and Pennsylvania are the four US states whose legal names include the term Commonwealth. The state is officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Did you know that celebrating Christmas was banned in Massachusetts? There are several weird laws technically still in place. Did you know that the first post office in America opened in Boston in 1639? As of 1st January 2019, the minimum wage per hour in Massachusetts is $12. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Massachusetts. Harvard was the first college established in North America. The Massachusetts Bay Colony wasn't settled for another 10 years. 6. The Fig Newton cookies were named after the town of Newton, Massachusetts. Shortly after the Puritans arrived in Boston, … The Ted Williams Tunnel interface in East Boston between the land-based approach and the underwater section is 90 feet below the surface of Boston Harbor, the deepest such connection in North America. The year in parentheses is when the item was designated a state symbol. Milford is known the world over for its unique pink granite, discovered in the 1870’s and quarried for many years to grace the exteriors of museums, government buildings, monuments and railroad stations. Below are 20 fun facts you most likely didn’t know about Boston. 22. On March 10, 1876, it was here in Boston that the first telephone call was made when Alexander Graham Bell summoned his lab assistant, Thomas A. Watson. Massachusetts has a progressive income tax rate of 5%. The Pilgrim National Wax Museum is located in Plymouth, Massachusetts. The company was a group of English Puritan settlers seeking religious freedom. © Massachusetts Municipal Association, 2014, – Compiled by John Ouellette, Publications Editor & Web Director, MMA. The state is officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. In 1856, however, Christmas finally became a public holiday in the state. State Abbreviation: MA Capital: Boston Origin of name: From Massachusetts tribe of Native Americans who lived in the Great Blue Hill region, south of Boston. Basketball was invented in December 1891 by James Naismith in Springfield. Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Massachusetts' state song is 'All Hail to Massachusetts'. Massachusetts and Missouri were the first states to require a driver’s license in 1903. 15. HISTORY: Excavations in Massachusetts reveal that the earliest human inhabitants arrived about 3,000 years ago. NAME: The state takes its name from the Massachuset tribe of Native Americans. State law also prescribes a naval and maritime flag, which bears a pine tree rather than the state seal, and a governor’s flag, which is triangular. In 1620, the Pilgrims, seeking religious freedom, made a brief stop in what later became Provincetown before settling in Plymouth on land belonging to Wampanoag Chief Massasoit. CAPITAL: Boston, established in 1630, has been the capital of Massachusetts since its founding. Dunkin Donuts opened its first franchise restaurant in Dedham, Massachusetts, and sold 52 varieties of donuts. In 1497 and 1498, John Cabot carried through the explorations upon which England based its original claim to North America. The game was played with a soccer ball and two peach baskets nailed to railings 10 feet above the floor. Nevada has the highest divorce rate of any state.[15]. It is the largest city in New England. To remind lawmakers of that fact, the fishing industry presented the House of Representatives with a statue of a cod, which is hung in the House Chamber. The state motto for Massachusetts is 'Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem' which means 'By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty'. GDP: 527 billion dollars (11th in U.S., 2017) Unemployment: 3.5% (2017) Overview:Massachusetts has a very developed economy, with the nation's third highest per-capita income. The dome was covered with copper by Paul Revere & Sons in 1802, and has been covered in 23-karat gold leaf since the 1870s. Volleyball was invented by William G. Morgan in Holyoke, Massachusetts. But there’s a lot about this city that’s not so well known. The sales tax rate in Massachusetts is 6%. The state’s capital is Boston. However, even longtime residents of this town might not know everything about its origins and history, and about how the city of Newton has made a deep impact on American culture throughout the decades! 23. 16. However, Massachusetts is also the birthplace of some lesser-known gems and relics. 1634: First public park in America, Boston Common, 1635: First American public secondary school, Boston Latin Grammar School, 1636: First American university, Harvard, Cambridge, 1638: First American printing press, Cambridge, 1639: First free American public school, Boston, 1653: First American public library, Boston, 1704: First regularly issued American newspaper, The Boston News-Letter, 1716: First American lighthouse, Boston Harbor, Hull, 1775: First battle of American Revolution, Lexington and Concord, 1775: First commissioned ship of U.S. Navy, Beverly, 1789: First American novel published, William Hill Brown’s “The Power of Sympathy,” Worcester, 1831: First abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, Boston, 1876: First telephone demonstrated by Alexander Graham Bell, Boston, 1892: First gasoline-powered automobile, Springfield, 1898: First American subway system, Boston, 1926: First liquid fuel rocket, launched by Dr. Robert Goddard, Auburn, 1928: First computer, developed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Population growth since 2000 Census: 198,532 (3.1 percent), Rank of population growth rate among the 50 states (2000 to 2010): 43, Number of communities with populations of more than 40,000: 38, Number of communities with populations of less than 1,000: 27, Median community population: 10,304 (Maynard), Note: Community population figures are between-Census estimates from the Department of Revenue, Area: 8,257 square miles (ranking 45th of the 50 states), Largest body of water: Quabbin Reservoir (39 square miles), Highest elevation: Mount Greylock (3,491 feet), Lowest elevation: Atlantic Ocean (sea level), Shoreline: 192 miles (not including islands), Average community land area: 22.33 square miles, MEDIAN RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY TAX RATE: $15.42 (2014), Municipalities with a city form of government: 55, Municipalities with a town form of government: 296, Mayors: 46 (of which 3 are part of a mayor-manager form of government), Other municipal administrator positions (administrative assistant, administrative coordinator, administrative officer, administrative secretary, chief administrative and financial officer, chief administrative officer, executive administrator, executive assistant, executive director, general manager, municipal administrator, municipal assistant, town coordinator): 19. 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